Kythera, otherwise known as Cerigo, is the island of goddess Urania Aphrodite and god Eros. Located in Southern Greece, between the southern Peloponnese and Crete, it is a mountainous island with valleys leading to the sea and enchanting beaches. The island has an area of approximately 280 square kilometers. The vegetation is rich, especially in the northern and western parts of the island. The climate is Mediterranean, with enough humidity and strong winds especially in winter. In several parts of the island there are springs flowing all year round.
Kythera has a population of three thousand inhabitants, living in the many small villages that are scattered throughout the area. The island is administratively organized into a municipality and along with the community of the neighboring island of Antikythera form the Province of Kythera, which belongs to the Prefecture of Piraeus.
Antikythera or Anticythera, literally “opposite Kythera”) is a Greek island lying on the edge of the Aegean Sea, between Crete and Peloponnese. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality of Kythera island.
Antikythera may also refer to the Antikythera Strait, through which modified Mediterranean water[clarification needed] enters the Sea of Crete.
Its land area is 20.43 square kilometres (7.89 square miles), and it lies 38 kilometres (24 miles) south-east of Kythira. It is the most distant part of the Attica region from its heart in the Athens metropolitan area. It is lozenge-shaped, 10.5 km (6.5 mi) NNW to SSE by 3.4 km (2.1 mi) ENE to WSW. It is notable for being the location of the discovery of the Antikythera mechanism and for the historical Antikythera wreck.
Its main settlement and port is Potamós (pop. 34 inhabitants in the 2011 census). The only other settlements are Galanianá (pop. 15), and Charchalianá (pop. 19). Antikythera is sporadically visited by the LANE Lines ferry Vitsentzos Kornaros on its route between Piraeus (Athens) and Kissamos-Kastelli on Crete.
Gytheio, the ancient Gythium or Gytheion (Ancient Greek: Γύθειον), is a town and a former municipality in Laconia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality East Mani, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 197.313 km2. It was the seaport of Sparta, some 40 kilometres (25 miles) north. Gytheio used to be an important port until it was destroyed in 4th century AD, possibly by an earthquake. Today it is the largest and most important town in Mani. It is also the seat of the municipality of East Mani.
Neapolis, formerly capital of the Vatika municipality, has been built in front of the beach and in the lap of the bay between Elafonisos and Kavomaleas peninsula. Is the southeastern continental city of Greece and Europe.
The old part of the city has been built amphitheatrically in 2 hills, the Agia Triada hill where is the church of the city and Vrontas hill eastern. The orientation allows houses to enjoy the freshness that the sea brings from the south and to admire the view of the islands, Kythera and Elafonisos.
But the story of the city starts from the second millennium BC. In the place of the current Neapolis was the ancient city of Voies. The area of Vatika inhabited by mythical character of Aeneas, the founder of Rome, who founded in this region the Itis and Aphrodisias cities, who along with Sidis formed the “Laconia Tripoli” of the Mycenaean period. The Itis is one of the two cities that Aeneas built when after the fall of Troy, on his trip to Italy, was forced to seek refuge in the bay of Vatika. Itis is mentioned that was located in Paliokastro. Aphrodisias was built by Aeneas or settlers of Kythera and placed in Psafaki where tombs, buildings and walls of limestone have been found.
These three cities combined later by Voias, of the Herakleidon mythical generation, in a city named Voies. According to the legend, the goddess Artemis sent a rabbit to indicate the position where Voias should build the city. The Voies flourished until Roman times when it was destroyed.
The first name of the city was Pezoula and belonged to the Vion municipality with Lahi being capital until 1840. Then, after the joining pf Vion and Malea municipalities,became the capital regained its old name and gained a street plan from a Bavarian architect of Otthonas reign. Similarly, the city developed, incorporated population of all the villages and renamed again in Neapolis.
The aura of Neapolis invites you to discover this city. To walk in the small, secret alleys and admire the great street planning of the 19th century. To admire the architecture and the picturesque character of the old city. To visit the church of Aghia Triada which stands on the highest point of the hill and breathe the colors from the pier at the sunset. To taste ouzo and octopus and various snacks at the beach. To walk along the beach but also enjoy the water in the two kilometers, organized and awarded with the “blue flag” for many years beach.
Kissamos (or Kisamos) is a town located in the northwestern part of the prefecture of Chania, between the two large peninsulas of the western Crete, and is 37 km from the city of Chania.
In Crete, Kisamos is also called as Kasteli, a name derived from the period of the Venetian rule, because of the fortress built here by the Venetians (in Greek Kasteli means Castle-Fortress).
So, if you hear the name Kasteli or Kasteli Kissamou, both refer to the town of Kisamos which is the seat of the municipality of Kisamos, extending to the west and southwest, up to the southwestern corner of the island.